Difference between revisions of "Camera Mount Structures"

(Wall Mounts and Speed Rails)
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Deciding an appropriate camera mounting solution is very important when setting up a capture volume. A stable setup not only prevents camera damage from unexpected collisions, but it also maintains calibration quality throughout capture. All OptiTrack cameras have '''¼-20 UNC Threaded holes''' – ¼ inch diameter, 20 threads/inch – which is the industry standard for mounting common types of cameras. Before planning the mount structures, please go through optimizing the [[Camera Placements|camera placement]], in order to get a blueprint for the camera layout in advance.
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Choosing an appropriate camera mounting solution is very important when setting up a capture volume. A stable setup not only prevents camera damage from unexpected collisions, but it also maintains calibration quality throughout capture. All OptiTrack cameras have '''¼-20 UNC Threaded holes''' – ¼ inch diameter, 20 threads/inch – which is the industry standard for mounting cameras. Before planning the mount structures, make sure that you have optimized your [[Camera Placements|camera placement]].
  
  
 
==Camera Clamps==
 
==Camera Clamps==
[[Image:CameraMount_Manfrotto.png|thumb|A Manfrotto camera clamp which allows adjustments in 3 Degree of Freedom orientation of a camera.]]
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[[Image:CameraMount_Manfrotto.png|thumb|A Manfrotto camera clamp which allows camera orientation adjustments in 3 Degrees of Freedom]]
  
Camera clamps are used to fasten cameras onto stable mounting structures, such as a truss system, wall mounts, speed rails, or large tripods. There are some considerations when choosing a clamp for each camera. Most importantly, they need to be able to bear the camera weight. Also, we recommend using clamps that offer adjusting all 3 degree of orientations: pitch, yaw, and roll.
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Camera clamps are used to fasten cameras onto stable mounting structures, such as a truss system, wall mounts, speed rails, or large tripods. There are some considerations when choosing a clamp for each camera. Most importantly, the clamps need to be able to bear the camera weight. Also, we recommend using clamps that offer adjustment of all 3 degrees of orientation: pitch, yaw, and roll.
  
Cameras can also be mounted onto other platforms using camera clamps as long as the support is stable enough to bear the weight of the cameras. However, since the stability of mounting structure and the placement of each camera is very important for the quality of the mocap data, we recommend using one of the mounting structures suggested below.
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The stability of your mounting structure and the placement of each camera is very important for the quality of the mocap data, and as such we recommend using one of the mounting structures suggested below.
  
 
<center>[[Image:Mount_Clamp2.png|300px]]  [[Image:CameraMount_ClampTripod.png|310 px]] [[Image:Mount_Clamp1.png|185 px]]</center>
 
<center>[[Image:Mount_Clamp2.png|300px]]  [[Image:CameraMount_ClampTripod.png|310 px]] [[Image:Mount_Clamp1.png|185 px]]</center>
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==Choosing the Mounting Structure==
 
==Choosing the Mounting Structure==
  
There are different advantages and disadvantages of using each mounting structure. Large scale mounting structures, such as trusses and wall mounts, are more stable and cover larger volumes. Cameras are well-fixed and the need for recalibration is reduced. However, they are not portable and cannot be easily adjusted. On the other hand, smaller mounting structures, such as tripods and C-clamps, are more portable and simple to setup, and they can be easily adjusted if needed. However, they are less stable and more vulnerable to external impacts, which can distort the camera position and the calibration. There are multiple considerations when choosing the camera mount structure. Certain mounting structures could be more suitable than others depending on the capture environment, the size of the volume, and the purpose of capture. Different mounting structures can also be used in combinations as well.
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Large scale mounting structures, such as trusses and wall mounts, are the most stable and can be used to reliably cover larger volumes. Cameras are well-fixed and the need for recalibration is reduced. However, they are not easily portable and cannot be easily adjusted. On the other hand, smaller mounting structures, such as tripods and C-clamps, are more portable, simple to setup, and can be easily adjusted if needed. However, they are less stable and more vulnerable to external impacts, which can distort the camera position and the calibration. Choosing your mounting structure depends on the capture environment, the size of the volume, and the purpose of capture. You can use a combination of both methods as needed for unique applications.
  
 
* Choosing an appropriate structure is critical in preparing the capture volume, and we recommend our customers to consult our [http://optitrack.com/contact/ Sales Engineers] for planning a layout for the camera mount setup.
 
* Choosing an appropriate structure is critical in preparing the capture volume, and we recommend our customers to consult our [http://optitrack.com/contact/ Sales Engineers] for planning a layout for the camera mount setup.
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A truss system provides a sturdy structure and a customizable layout. It can cover diverse capture volume sizes, ranging from a small volume to a very large volume. Cameras are mounted onto the truss beam using the camera clamps.
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A truss system provides a sturdy structure and a customizable layout that can cover diverse capture volume sizes, ranging from a small volume to a very large volume. Cameras are mounted onto the truss beam using the camera clamps.
  
  
 
'''General steps:'''
 
'''General steps:'''
 
# Consult with the truss system provider or our [http://optitrack.com/contact/ Sales Engineers] for setting up the truss system
 
# Consult with the truss system provider or our [http://optitrack.com/contact/ Sales Engineers] for setting up the truss system
# Follow the truss installation instruction and assemble the trusses on-site, and use the fastening pin to secure each truss segment.
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# Follow the truss installation instruction and assemble the trusses on-site, and use the fastening pins to secure each truss segment.
 
#* Fasten the base truss to the ground.
 
#* Fasten the base truss to the ground.
 
#* Connect each of the segments and fix them by inserting a fastening pin.
 
#* Connect each of the segments and fix them by inserting a fastening pin.
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Wall mounts and speed rails are used with camera clamps to mount the cameras along the wall of the capture volume. This setup is very stable, and it has less chance of getting interfered by physical contacts. The capture volume size and layout will depend on the size of the room. However, note that the wall, or the building, may slightly fluctuate due to the changing ambient temperature throughout the day; therefore, you may need to routinely re-calibrate the volume if you are looking for precise measurements.  
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Wall mounts and speed rails are used with camera clamps to mount the cameras along the wall of the capture volume. This setup is very stable, and it has a low chance of getting interfered with by way of physical contact. The capture volume size and layout will depend on the size of the room. However, note that the wall, or the building itself, may slightly fluctuate due to the changing ambient temperature throughout the day. Therefore, you may need to routinely re-calibrate the volume if you are looking for precise measurements.  
  
 
'''General steps:'''
 
'''General steps:'''

Revision as of 23:13, 23 February 2016

Back to the Main PageBack to Hardware Setup


Choosing an appropriate camera mounting solution is very important when setting up a capture volume. A stable setup not only prevents camera damage from unexpected collisions, but it also maintains calibration quality throughout capture. All OptiTrack cameras have ¼-20 UNC Threaded holes – ¼ inch diameter, 20 threads/inch – which is the industry standard for mounting cameras. Before planning the mount structures, make sure that you have optimized your camera placement.


Camera Clamps

A Manfrotto camera clamp which allows camera orientation adjustments in 3 Degrees of Freedom

Camera clamps are used to fasten cameras onto stable mounting structures, such as a truss system, wall mounts, speed rails, or large tripods. There are some considerations when choosing a clamp for each camera. Most importantly, the clamps need to be able to bear the camera weight. Also, we recommend using clamps that offer adjustment of all 3 degrees of orientation: pitch, yaw, and roll.

The stability of your mounting structure and the placement of each camera is very important for the quality of the mocap data, and as such we recommend using one of the mounting structures suggested below.

Mount Clamp2.png CameraMount ClampTripod.png Mount Clamp1.png
Cameras mounted on different structures using the clamp.

Choosing the Mounting Structure

Large scale mounting structures, such as trusses and wall mounts, are the most stable and can be used to reliably cover larger volumes. Cameras are well-fixed and the need for recalibration is reduced. However, they are not easily portable and cannot be easily adjusted. On the other hand, smaller mounting structures, such as tripods and C-clamps, are more portable, simple to setup, and can be easily adjusted if needed. However, they are less stable and more vulnerable to external impacts, which can distort the camera position and the calibration. Choosing your mounting structure depends on the capture environment, the size of the volume, and the purpose of capture. You can use a combination of both methods as needed for unique applications.

  • Choosing an appropriate structure is critical in preparing the capture volume, and we recommend our customers to consult our Sales Engineers for planning a layout for the camera mount setup.

Truss

CameraMount TrussBig.png CameraMount TrussSmall.png


A truss system provides a sturdy structure and a customizable layout that can cover diverse capture volume sizes, ranging from a small volume to a very large volume. Cameras are mounted onto the truss beam using the camera clamps.


General steps:

  1. Consult with the truss system provider or our Sales Engineers for setting up the truss system
  2. Follow the truss installation instruction and assemble the trusses on-site, and use the fastening pins to secure each truss segment.
    • Fasten the base truss to the ground.
    • Connect each of the segments and fix them by inserting a fastening pin.
  3. Attach clamps to the cameras.
  4. Mount the clamps to the truss beam.
  5. Aim each camera.

Wall Mounts and Speed Rails

CameraMount Wall2.png CameraMount SpeedRail1.png


Wall mounts and speed rails are used with camera clamps to mount the cameras along the wall of the capture volume. This setup is very stable, and it has a low chance of getting interfered with by way of physical contact. The capture volume size and layout will depend on the size of the room. However, note that the wall, or the building itself, may slightly fluctuate due to the changing ambient temperature throughout the day. Therefore, you may need to routinely re-calibrate the volume if you are looking for precise measurements.

General steps:

  1. Securely install the wall mount and the speed rail on the desired location.
  2. Attach clamps to the cameras.
  3. Attach the clamps to the rail.
  4. Aim each camera.

Tripods

Tripods are portable and simple to install, and they are not restricted to the environment constraints. There are various sizes and types of tripods for different applications. In order to ensure the stability, each tripod needs to be installed on a hard surface (e.g. concrete). Usually, one camera is attached per tripod, but camera clamps can be used in combination to fasten multiple cameras along the leg as long as the tripod is stable enough to bare the weight. Note that tripod setups are less stable and vulnerable to physical impacts. Any camera movements after calibration will distort the calibration quality, and the volume will need to be re-calibrated.


CameraMount TripodClamp.png CameraMount Tripod.png



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