Baseline + 11 Additional Markers + Fingers (54)

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  • Front view of the Baseline + 11 Additional Markers + Fingers (54) markerset.
  • Back view of the Baseline + 11 Additional Markers + Fingers (54) markerset.


Baseline + Hinged Toe + Fingers (49) Placements[edit]

Head Markers
Label Related Segment Description
HeadTop Head Place the marker on the head tip.
HeadFront Head Place the marker at the center of the forehead.
HeadLeft / HeadRight Head Place markers on each side of the head (left and right), slightly above the ear. For better tracking results, the marker arrangement formed by HeadLeft, HeadRight, and HeadFront should form an asymmetrical arrangement. To achieve this, you can introduce a slight offset to one of the markers placed on the side, either HeadLeft or HeadRight marker.
Torso Markers
Label Related Segment Description
BackTop Torso Place the marker on the spine right below the neck. For best results, LUArmHigh-LShoulderBack-BackTop-RshoulderBack-RUArmHigh markers should align roughly in a straight line when the actor is in T-pose. Also, note that this marker must be placed at an elevation higher than the chest marker for the torso segment to be tracked properly.
Chest Torso Place the marker at the center of the sternum, about 5 cm below where the neck starts.
BackLeft Torso These two markers are located symmetrically on each side of the back, slightly below the lowest end of the shoulder blade (scapular bone).
BackRight Torso
Shoulder Markers
When placing the shoulder markers, ask the actor to stand in the T-pose in order to place the markers on accurate locations. It could also be helpful to ask the actor to do few rounds of arm abduction and adduction to palpate for the shoulder axis. These markers determine the width of the shoulder and respective relationship with the upper arm segment.
Label Related Segment Description
LShoulderBack Shoulder Place the marker on the shoulder joint (glenohumeral joint) on the back.
RShoulderBack Shoulder
LShoulderTop Shoulder Place the marker at the top of each shoulder where you can palpate the protruding bone, which is usually located just before where the upper arm start when in T-pose. More specifically, the prominence is on the distal end of the clavicle bone (acrominoclavicular joint).
RShoulderTop Shoulder
Waist Markers
Note that the waist markers are the key markers in modeling the pelvis bone, which is the major segment governing the other subsequent skeleton segments. For best results, avoid placing the waist markers in a rectangle shape. When tracking multiple actors with similar proportions, introduce an offset to one of the WaistBack marker, or the WaistCMarker (included only with the 13 additional markerset), to create an asymmetrical arrangements.
Label Related Segment Description
WaistLFront Pelvis Placed the marker on the protruding bone located on the front of the pelvis (left/right anterior iliac spine bone). The prominence can be palpated from left and right side of the waist.
WaistRFront Pelvis
WaistLBack Pelvis Place the WaistLBack and WaistRBack markers above left/right hip; about 10 cm above the hip joint.
WaistRBack Pelvis
Arm Markers
Label Related Segment Description
LElbowOut Upper Arm Place the marker on the lateral side of the elbow joint, slightly towards the upper arm. More specifically, on the lateral epicondyle of the distal end of the humerous. Ask the actor to flex and extend the arm few times to confirm that markers are placed along the elbow axis and maintain stationary throughout the range of motion cycles.
RElbowOut Upper Arm
LUArmHigh Upper Arm Place the marker on the back of the upper arm near the groove between the triceps. For best results, LUArmHigh, LShoulderBack, BackTop, RshoulderNack, and RUArmHigh should align roughly in a straight line when in T-pose.
RUArmHigh Upper Arm
Hand + Finger Markers
Finger markersets include extra markers on the fingers, and the finger tracking is done by analyzing the kinematics of the hand and estimating the pose of each finger. The WristIn marker is removed and replaced by a forearm marker. Attaching finger markers uses mocap Velcro gloves and hand markers, which can be found from our webstore.
FingerMarkers.png MarkerSetFingers.png FingersStrech11.png
Label Related Segment Description
LFArm Forearm Place the marker on the front side of the forearm while in T-pose. For best results, slightly offset the left and right forearm markers to introduce the asymmetry on each side.
RFArm Forearm
LWristOut Fore Arm / Hand This marker is not included in the finger markersets. Place the marker on the outside (lateral side) of the wrist axis. (distal end of the radius bone). Note that the wrist axis is not always located on the protruding bone but 1-2 cm more towards the hand.
RWristOut Fore Arm / Hand
LThumb Hand Place the marker on the side of the thumb joint.
RThumb Hand
LIndex Hand Place the marker on the side of the index finger joint (proximal interphalangeal joint).
RIndex Hand
LPinky Hand Place the marker on the side of the pinky finger joint (proximal interphalangeal joint).
RPinky Hand
LHandIn Hand Place the marker on the knuckle of the index finger, but slightly towards the side.
RHandIn Hand
LHandOut Hand Place the marker on the knuckle of the pinky finger, but slightly towards the side.
RHandOut Hand
Leg Markers
Label Related Segment Description
LThighFront Upper Leg Place the marker on the front side of the thigh, along the midline. For best results, slightly offset the height of the left and right markers to introduce the asymmetry.
RThighFront Upper Leg
LKneeOut Upper Leg Place the marker on the outter prominence of the knee joint; on the lateral epicondyle of the femur. Palpate the knee for the protruding bone from the upper leg, and place it right on the axis. Ask the actor to flex and extend the knee few times to confirm that the markers are placed along the axis and maintain stationary throughout the range of motion cycles.
RKneeOut Upper Leg
LShin Lower Leg Place the marker on the shin bone; on the midline of the lower leg. For best results, slightly offset the height of the left and right markers to introduce the asymmetry.
RShin Lower Leg
Foot Markers
Label Related Segment Description
LAnkleOut Lower Leg/Foot Place the marker on the protruding bone outside of the ankle joint; on the lateral end of the malleolus bone.
RAnkleOut Lower Leg/Foot
LToeOut Foot Place the marker just before the little toe joint; on the distal end of the fifth metatarsal bone.
RToeOut Foot
LToeIn Foot Place the marker just before the big toe joint; on the distal end of the first metatarsal bone.
RToeIn Foot
Hinged Toe Markers
Hinged toe markersets create toe segments in the skeleton. Two additional markers are added to each foot, one on the toe-tip and another on the heel. The hinged toe markers are included in all baseline markersets except for Baseline (37) and Upper Body markersets.
Label Related Segment Description
LHeel Foot Place at the center of the heel.
RHeel Foot
LToeTip Toe Place the marker on the tip of the second toe; next to the big toe.
RToeTip Toe
11 Additional Markers
Label Related Segment Description
HeadLeft Head Included in place of the HeadSide marker. Place the marker on the left side of the head, slight above the ear. For best tracking results, place either the HeadLeft marker or the HeadRight marker slightly further behind the ear in order to introduce more distinct asymmetry to left and right side.
HeadRight Head Included in place of the HeadSide marker. Place the marker on the right side of the head, slightly above the ear. See above descriptions for the HeadLeft marker for comments on the asymmetry.
ChestTop Torso Included in place of the Chest marker. Place the marker at the center of the chest (sternum); approximately 5 cm below where the neck starts.
ChestLow Torso Included in place of the Chest marker. Place the marker where bottom of the two rib cages conjoin; the lowest end of the sternum (xiphoid process).
WaistCBack Pelvis Place the marker about 5 cm above the pelvis bone, near the center of the waist back (on the spine) with a slight offset towards the right (or left). This is usually located slightly above one of the dimples located on the waist back (posterior iliac spine bone).
LThighSide Upper Leg Place the marker on the lateral side of the thigh. Ideally, L/R ThighSide, L/R KneeOut, and L/R AnkleOut markers should be aligned roughly in a straight line.
RThighSide Upper Leg